Educational Assessments of Students

Educational Assessments of Students

Educational Assessments of Students


Educational assessments of students refer to the range of activities that educators use to assess measure and gauge academic performance, skillfulness and the learning progress of students. Teachers are not only faced with the challenge of providing challenging and exciting lessons to students but also the necessary task of assessing them. There is a close relationship between learning and assessment. The purpose of assessment in education largely depends on the education framework, the instructor’s belief and the desired results. It depends on whether you are only looking for numbers to fill in the grade book or you are seeking to get a deeper understanding of the student’s capabilities. Every individual has a unique ability to grasp ideas. Therefore, a range of educational assessment should be employed so as to cater for each and every student adequately. Those who design courses and curriculum such as educational assessment of students 7th edition pdf and educational assessment of students 6th edition pdf should be well versed with the educational assessment to ensure they develop appropriate learning materials. There is need also to put in place tools used by the school to assess their curriculum. Below are some of the ways to assess students learning:

· Formative Assessment

Also referred to as educative assessments, formative assessment is a more casual way to support the learning process. There are several types of formative assessment; it could be a teacher or the learner providing feedback, a student giving the teacher feedback, etc. The information is not necessarily used in grading. The feedback enables the student to change his behavior right away. It can be formal or informal. Examples of formative assessments in science would be quizzes, observing learners work, oral questions or draft work. The primary aim is to determine if students understand the instructions. It can also help the teacher rethink his teaching strategies.


· Summative Assessment

Summative assessment criterion used to evaluate the intended learning outcome of a particular course. Summative assessments are usually administered at the end of a course, term or academic year. They comprise of a summary of what students have learned to determine if they have understood the topic well. Summative assessments are used to determine achievement, pass or fail and to provide data used to select students who will proceed to the next level. Therefore, soundness and reliability of these tests are of prime importance. Some summative assessment examples are; standard tests, final exams, and research projects.


· Diagnostic Assessments

A Diagnostic assessment also falls under the types of assessment in education.

Just like formative assessment, a diagnostic assessment is aimed at improving the learning process. This assessment is usually conducted at the start of a course or topic. It is intended to gauge the students’ knowledge on a certain topic before actually teaching. The student assessment method could be an essay on a topic you are about to teach. By going through the answers, you can determine their level of know-how and in turn device the best teaching methods. Diagnostic assessments can also be used when a difficulty arises in the midst of a unit.


· Placement assessment

These are assessments used by colleges and universities to gauge the students’ knowledge before placing them in their first classes. It enables tutors to classify students according to their skill sets and makes teaching a bit manageable.


· Objective and Subjective Assessment

Assessments can either be objective or subjective.

An objective assessment has only one correct answer. Objective assessment examples are true/ false questions and multiple choice questions. Subjective assessments, on the other hand, are broad and could have more than one correct answer.There may be several ways to express the right answer. The perfect example of subjective assessments is essays. There is a huge debate on which are the best ways to assess student learning.


· Informal and Formal Assessments

Formal assessments are standardized tests to gauge whether a student has mastered the desired outcome of a particular course. It is characterized by a grade indicating whether the student has passed or failed the test. Scores are mostly given in percentiles. Informal assessments, on the other hand, are more relaxed. It may involve observation, rubrics and portfolio assessment. Informal assessments indicate how well a student is learning. The type of assessment used to be applied depends on the purpose. Formal assessment is used in identifying students’ strengths and weaknesses and compares that with their peers. However, there is a more specific strengths and weaknesses assessment test that can be used. The test uses student strengths and weaknesses list. Informal assessments should be used to improve learning.


There are the various ways in which the different types of assessment in education can be analyzed as discussed below.

a. Criterion Referenced

In this category, a student’s performance is measured against set criteria. It is a measure of competence. It is among the best ways to assess student learning. Examples of criterion-referenced assessment are common core tests and advanced placement exams.

b. Norm-referenced assessment

The performance in norm-referenced assessment is not measured against a particular criterion. The student’s capability is measured against a hypothetical average student. The most common norm reference tests are the entrance tests in most prestigious learning institutions.



There are different assessment tools that can be used. Formative assessment tools for teachers are available to enable them to get instant feedback and improve their teaching mode. These are such as socrative used for quick quizzes and kahoot which builds fun puzzles. Other types of assessment tools are zaption which uses videos.

The different assessment tools can be categorized into the following;

I. Graphic organizers

These are used in thought organization to enhance understanding

II. Review tools which allow students to reflect on what they have learned from a particular course

III. Rubrics which assess the level of understanding.

IV. Feedback tools which make the process of giving feedback easier for both the teacher and the student.


It is crucial to understand the importance of assessment in education and the numerous types of assessment strategies available. Student assessment methods, however, may vary in some places such as in tutoring centers Orland Park. We should always keep this in mind when looking for tutoring services. In summation, when selecting an education assessment method, it is important to evaluate deeper issues such as validity and reliability of the system. A reliable assessment will continually give uniform results when subjected to a similar cohort of students. A valid assessment, on the other hand, will measure what is intended to. For example, it would not be valid to give a driving test in written form rather it should be a practical assessment. However, the educational assessment of students is a broad topic, and the debate will go on for an extended period.


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